Prescription Acne Medications

Acne medication prescriptions are a commonly recommended treatment for people suffering from medium to severe acne. There are a lot of medication prescriptions that may be recommended by a dermatologist.

Each of these acne prescription medications varies in effectiveness, and the reaction of skin to the medications varies from one person to another. Medications are categorized into groups and have different modes of action. What is common to most acne medications, however, is that they target the factors which lead to acne and stop them. A dermatologist may combine several acne remedies to achieve long term control of acne.

However, most people do not consult a dermatologist regarding skin problems unless those problems become severe. A person with very severe cystic acne, for example, suffers from a stinging pain from the inflammation. Moreover, if such acne becomes bigger in size, there is a possibility the pustules will rupture and leave behind very deep and ugly scars.

In such cases, a dermatologist may recommend draining the fluid or injecting interlesional corticosteroid, which melts down the cyst over a period of 3 to 5 days. Because the swelling eventually becomes relieved and the skin on the affected area suffers less damage, the area will be able to heal completely over time.

Another medication which a dermatologist may prescribe is oral isotretinoin. This medication, has been proven to be extremely effective in the treatment of acne. Likewise, it has been known to work well even when used with other medications. The problem with it, however, is there are many side effects. People who take isotretinoin may suffer from headaches and back pains. For this reason, treatment with isotretinoin is only recommended for very severe cases of acne.

Other medications such oral anti-microbial and antibiotic remedies have also been proven to be effective against mild to moderate cases of acne. Both of these remedies eliminate acne and the bacteria, which are responsible for the infection of acne. By lowering the population of these bacteria and killing them, acne heal more quickly. Such medicines also help to prevent acne from recurring in the future. An example of an anti-microbial remedy is azealic acid, which is known to occur naturally in the skin. Azealic acid is considered to be a good remedy for stopping the abnormal shedding of dead cells, and the recovery of dark spots, which result from acne.

Another very common over-the-counter (OTC) anti-microbial remedy is benzoyl peroxide, which has been used as the key component in most acne treatment remedies. An example of an antibiotic remedy, on the other hand is erythromycin, which is used for a number of problems caused by bacteria within the acne. (Apart from acne, another common problem, which is treated with erythromycin, is sore throat.)

Last but not least, topical retinoids are used to unclog the pores. This remedy is extremely effective in preventing and eliminating blackheads and whiteheads. The problem with retinoids, however, is they increase the skin's sensitivity to sunlight. Therefore, when using retinoids, it is important to use sun protection so that skin is always covered. The most common side effect of these remedies, however, is the tendency for the skin to dry up too much, causing skin irritation.

< Acne Products that Work | Cystic Acne Causes and Treatment >

Interesting Fact:

Acne is primarily caused by bacteria on the skin.

Interesting Pages