The Month of June
Juno was the Queen of the Gods. She gave her name to the month of June. She was the goddess of marriage, which partly explains why June weddings are so auspicious. The Greeks knew her as Hera.
June began with thirty days. Numa Pompilius reduced it to 29 in about 700 B.C. However, the Julian reform in 46 B.C. returned the lost day. It has held 30 days ever since. There is a rhyme commonly used to remember the number of days in each month. The first two lines of this poem are, "Thirty Days hath September, April, June, and November."
June 14 is Flag day. It was originally proposed in 1877, the 100th anniversary of the adoption of the stars and stripes as the official flag of the United States. The flag is to be flown at all government buildings on this day. Even so, it was not until 1916 that Woodrow Wilson made it a national celebration, and it was left to Harry Truman in 1949 to sign a bill from Congress to make it official.
Father's day is situated on the third Sunday in June. The idea for a day set aside for fathers originated in Spokane Washington, when a young lady, Sonora Smart Dodd, hearing a sermon on Mother's Day in 1909, thought it was time that fathers also be recognized. The day was finally signed in as a national holiday in 1924 by Calvin Coolidge. It is traditional to unwittingly buy fathers gifts which they cannot possibly use. Roses are the official flower of the day. At one time red roses were worn to indicate a living father; white roses were worn to remember a father who had passed away.
The summer solstice is normally June 21st (sometimes the 20th). In the northern hemisphere this is the day with the most daylight. After this date the days begin to get "shorter". Normally this day is not specifically celebrated in North America. However, other cultures do have celebrations. This is also the first day of summer.
June has the dubious distinction of loaning its name to a beetle, the June Bug. The scientific name for this insect is Phyllophaga crinita. It gets its name because it goes from a larval to adult state in June and emerges from the ground to mate. The June Bug is very much attracted to light and will swarm about a light on warm summer nights.
The birthstone for June is the pearl.
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